GRAND CENTRAL TERMINAL NEW YORK

Grand central Terminal (GCT) is a station situated on 42nd Street and Park Avenue bei Midtown Manhattan, new York City. It ist commonly well-known as cool Central Station.

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The taste concourse at the großartiger Central Terminal ist spread across an area von 88,000ft². Credit: Rodrigo.Argenton.
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The east Side accessibility project will enable straight LIRR dienstleistungen into a neu concourse below cool Central Terminal ~ above the ost Side of Manhattan. Credit: Metropolitan transport Authority.
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cool Central Terminal (GCT) zu sein a station located on 42nd Street und Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, neu York City. It zu sein commonly well-known as großartiger Central Station, as its name zu sein similar zu that des a nearby post office. The is deshalb the benennen of ns previous rail station and the new York city Subway station an the same locality.

GCT is the largest train station bei the world in terms von area occupied and number des platforms. The terminal zu sein spread end 49 acres and has 44 platforms.

The station zu sein used by more than one million human being a week. The serves die Metro-North Commuter railroad, which passes through ns city’s suburbs and goes out kommen sie Connecticut and New Jersey. The station is currently owned and operated über the Metropolitan transport Authority (MTA).

GCT remodeling plans to be announced an 1988. Work began in 1996 and was completed in October 1998. Die estimated cost von the project was $425m, excluding ns $160m invested in amenities and services within the station.

The reconstruction project was carried out von GCT Venture, a joint venture between LaSalle Partners und the sleeve specialists, Williams Jackson Ewing. The project was designed von the architectural firm Beyer blinder Belle und the amenities were planned über William Jackson Ewing.

History of großartiger Central Station

The großartiger Central Depot was originally constructed von a shipping tycoon, Cornelius Vanderbilt. It was opened bei October 1871 and served three lines, the neu York Central-Hudson river railroad, neu York-Harlem railroad und the new York-New Haven-Hartford railroad.

During 1898 and 1900, die depot was reconfigured zu include a 100ft-wide and 650ft-long steel und glass structure, a 16,000ft² wait room and cast steel eagles through 13ft lang wings. After ~ a vapor locomotive accident in 1902, the station was redesigned v a two-level terminal kommen sie accommodate electric trains.

The station was re-opened in 1913 after ~ ten years von construction. It was then designed von architectural firms Reed and Stem und Warren und Wetmore under a contract signed bei 1904. über 1947, roughly 65 million world used die GCT.

In ns 1950s, the station began incurring accident as the railways challenged competition indigenous subsidised highways and intercity wait traffic. Due kommen sie poor maintenance over ns years since ns Second welt War, ns station building began to deteriorate, the roof began zu leak und the steel framework rusted.

The renovation plans were considered bei 1968 von Penn Central. This danke für opposition indigenous citizens who filed a suit kommen sie stop ns construction.

Penn central went bankrupt von the time the won ns suit an 1970 und the title was taken over von its successor, American premier Underwriters (APU), a gaue won group.

In 1983, Metro-North took over ns operations of cool Central Terminal und began kommen sie restore ns station, consisting of a $4.5m project kommen sie replace the leaking roof und skylights. Die master plan was adopted by the MTA an a publicly hearing.

In 1994, MTA gotten in a 110-year lease covenant with ns APU zu manage die GCT. This assisted MTA zu implement the restoration work punkt GCT in association v GCT Venture. After ~ 12 years des renovation, großartiger Central’s restoration was completed in 1998.

Metro-North commuter line details

The Metro-North Commuter Service ist the second-largest commuter line bei the US. The began bei 1832 together a horse-car line an lower Manhattan.

The line at this time serves 120 stations und passes through seven counties bei New York, namely Dutchess, Putnam, Westchester, the Bronx, Manhattan, Rockland und Orange. It so passes v the neu Haven und Fairfield counties in Connecticut.

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Facilities at ns famous new York station

GCT has a main concourse von 88,000ft² with giant windows. That is ceiling zu sein 12 geschichte high und is painted v 2,500 stars und zodiac constellations.

There room 44 platforms through 67 tracks. Ns tracks space on 2 levels, v 41 tracks bei the upper und 26 tracks an the lower level. Top top completion of the Long island Rail Road bei 2016, die GCT will have 48 platforms und 75 tracks.

The top level tracks tun können be accessed from die 47th straße passage and lower level tracks from die 45th straße passage.

The 31 revenue leistungen tracks are in the upper level, numbered from 11 kommen sie 42 on ns east-west line. Des these, tracks 22 und 31 were removed during the renovation process to allow space weil das the concourses weil das Grand main North. Monitor 11 was so removed during the same time kommen sie expand die platform betwee tracks 13 and 14.

The lower level tracks are numbered indigenous 100 to 126, so in an east to west direction. Des these, only tracks from 102-112 and 114-116 are bei passenger service.

Local and off-peak trains operation on die lower level tracks, if express, supervisor express and peak time trains run from the hauptsächlich concourses. Ns odd numbered tracks room on the ost side von the platform and even number on ns west.

The die info booth und the ticket vending equipments are in the main concourse hall. This leader to ns upper level tracks und the subway platforms. ~ above the east side zu sein a cluster of food shops, known as the cool Central Market. Ns dining concourse ist below the hauptsächlich concourse.

The 12,000ft² Vanderbilt Hall, which was previously the taste waiting room, zu sein now rented out weil das free promotions und entertainment, such as tennis exhibitions and an annual vacation fair. The campbell Apartment at ns entrance von Vanderbilt Hall has been revitalized as a cocktail lounge.

The repair project also included building and construction of großartiger Central North, which was opened bei April 1999.

It provides access zu GCT from 45th, 47th und 48th Streets. It ist connected to the main hall by a 1,000ft lang north-west passage und 1,200ft long north-east passage.

It currently has 4 entrances and the fifth was opened in 2012.

Grand central North walk not have elevator access from the hauptsächlich platforms. Physically challenged passengers accessibility it with the hauptsächlich terminal.

East side Access

MTA ist constructing the ost Side access project zu extend the Long island Rail roadway (LIRR) to a neu station under cool Central Terminal on Manhattan’s east Side. Train leistungen from LIRR zu GCT ist expected to start an 2022. The project will reduce the journey time von LIRR’s ost Side-bound travelers über up kommen sie 40 minute per day. A neu passenger concourse ist being built on the lower level of the cool Central Terminal.

The task is also installing new signal, communication und supervisory control system needed zum supporting future east Side Access leistungen to ns terminal.

Signalling und communications punkt GCT

The original display screen board was bei electromechanical plank that included flip panels kommen sie display train times.

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During die restoration process it was replaced with high resolution LCD modules produced by in Italian firm Solari Udine. This modules are also placed inside the trains kommen sie display die destination, time, following station, calling points and other beneficial information. Bei 2019, the LCD board were changed with light-emitting diode (LED) videos wall screens.