One von the factors as zu why beginners find German a complicated language ist cases. German language works with instances such as Nominativ (nominative), Akkusativ (accusative), Dativ (dative) und Genitiv (genitive). Each situation carries a various meaning. Beginners can struggle to determine which rule they schutz to follow to apply this cases and express their concepts correctly in German. Do not let ns German instances discourage you, though – we will help!

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Today, we will take a watch at die uses des the Akkusativ and Dativ with die questions Wo? and Wohin?.

Du schaust: Als akkusativ oder dativ

Akkusativ – Wohin?

Akkusativ v a preposition ist the answer to ns question “Wohin?”. “Wohin?” literally method “where to?”. Die transformation des the article indicates a movement. Akkusativ plus a preposition indicates your final destination. The readers or ns listeners möchte understand where you möchte be after die movement has actually taken place. This zu sein thanks to die preposition.

What happens in the Akkusativ case? Simply, all die articles remain the same as they are in Nominativ. Ns only exception ist Maskulin. Der turns right into den. The example below möchte help sie understand die Akkusativ situation better:

Der Turm: die Tower

Nominativ: das Turm

Akkusativ: das Turm


1. Ich gehe in den Turm. – i go to die tower. However, this sentence means you go to die tower and will be alongside it wie man you arrive.

2. Mir gehe bei den Turm. – ich go into ns tower.

3. Ich gehe oben den Turm. – i go to die top des the tower. This sentence illustrates that freundin go to ns tower und up to ns top von it.

Dativ – Wo?

In contrast to Akkusativ through a preposition, Dativ with a preposition describes ns location which ist the answer to die question “Wo?”. Von using Dativ with a preposition, sie specify ns current location. Despite ns seemingly less complicated definition, Dativ kann often be a headache weil das beginners. How kann you transform die article correctly? ns good news ist that both ‘der’ and ‘das’ turn into ‘dem’. All sie need to pay an ext attention to zu sein the truth that ‘die’ changes zu ‘der’. Below is another example so that you kann tell die difference between the Akkusativ und Dativ cases.

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Die Schule: the school

Nominativ: die Schule

Dativ: der Schule


1. Mir bin in der Schule. – I in at die school. This sentence usually means you are stand beside the school.

2. Ich bin an der Schule. – I bei der in the school.

3. Mich bin oben der Schule. – I in above ns school. This sentence advert that freundin are standing on die top des the school.

Akkusativ and Dativ: Why bother? und what about “zu”?

As we have just found above, instances play bei important role in the German language. They help the speakers or writers express their concepts accurately. Take, zum instance, Akkusativ and Dativ through a preposition – they clarify die idea behind the sentence, whether it zu sein a activity or a location. Without die cases, heaps of confusion could be caused. Die example listed below illustrates why:

1. Ich gehe in die Straße. Ns sentence ad that freundin are walk from somewhere else to die street. There ist obviously a change bei location, which we speak to a movement.

2. Mir gehe oben der Straße. The sentence shows that sie are walk on the street. According kommen sie German language, there ist not together a change an the place although we space moving.

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Another concern which English-speaking beginners might ask is “How about “zu”?” or “Why don’t die Germans merely use “zu” kommen sie replace Akkusativ v prepositions?”. German ist German, isn’t it? Akkusativ through a preposition describes the movement in detail und provides die final location you möchte reach.. “Zu” literally method “to” in English. A sentence v this preposition just explains die place we space heading to und not die specifics von what we are going zu be doing over there (e.g. Stand on the place, going into ns place, or just waiting next to it). Tonnage but not least, “zu” constantly takes the dative case, even if it ist helping to describe a movement.