Abu hamzah al afghani

Image caption, Abu Hamza continued kommen sie deliver sermons zu followers outside Finsbury park mosque after it was raided an 2003
Abu Hamza al-Masri has actually been discovered guilty des supporting terrorism by a court in New York und sentenced zu life in prison. However who zu sein the einer who became die most highlights radical cleric bei the blume Kingdom?


Born Mustafa Kamel Mustafa an Alexandria, Egypt, on 15 april 1958, Abu Hamza was the son des a navy officer und a major school headmistress. He at first studied polite engineering prior to leaving for England bei 1979.

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In London, one des his erste jobs was as a nightclub bouncer. He married a British frau who he says encouraged ihm to adopt Islam.


He decided to resume his forschung at Brighton Polytechnic und gained a civil engineering degree, joining die Institution of Civil engineers where he stayed a member until 1994.


One of Abu Hamza's zuerst major design contracts took him to the Royal armed forces Training Academy punkt Sandhurst. Technical drawings of the college to be still in his home wie man he was arrested bei 2004.


In ns early 1980s ns young Abu Hamza started kommen sie show in interest in Islam und politics. He was heavily influenced von the Iranian revolution.


Some Muslim thinkers to be calling for Islamic states in Islamic lands. They had a military face bei the Mujahideen fighters who, backed von the US, emerged to oppose die Soviet Union's occupation von Afghanistan.


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Image source, getty Images

In 1987, after conference Abdullah Azzam, an influential supporter of the notion of Muslims gift obliged to fight jihad, Abu Hamza moved to Afghanistan.


It was around this time the he lost in eye and both his hands. Accounts of exactly how and where die accident taken place conflict.


It had been claimed his distinctive attributes were the result of in explosion if he was taking part in a demining project in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.


But weist his us trial Abu Hamza stated it happened while he was working with die Pakistani military in Lahore when in experiment through explosives went wrong.




He changed to die UK bei 1993 zum treatment. Yet within two years he had left brothers again kommen sie support Bosnian Muslims during the break-up von the previous Yugoslavia.


Abu Hamza quickly ended up being a top figure in the brothers Islamist scene. He was spending more und more von his time preaching if churning the end leaflets calling weil das jihad against corrupt Middle ost regimes.


There room suggestions the police und intelligence service were already watching Abu Hamza in addition to other militants hinweisen this time. According zu Abu Hamza himself, MI5 zuerst contacted him bei 1997 quickly after extremists massacred 68 tourists punkt Luxor, Egypt.

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Scotland yard questioned ns cleric on suspicion of alleged bomb plots bei Yemen. While Abu Hamza was released his son Mohammed Mustafa Kamel was jailed an Yemen zum three years for involvement in in alleged campaign des violence.


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Image source, getty Images

Despite this brush with ns law, Abu Hamza was consolidating his host at die mosque. The had end up being a hostile environment weil das anyone who was notfall a supporter, through his closestly confidantes impede access to anyone they did notfall trust.


He was delivering practically all ns sermons. ~ above the zuerst anniversary von the 9/11 attacks, he co-organised a conference at the mosque praising die hijackers.


Five years later the trial des the men letztere convicted von the fail 21/7 london bombings heard several of them had gone along zu hear Abu Hamza preach. Various other convicted terrorists oase been linked to Finsbury Park.


On 20 january 2003, police raided the building together part of a major ermittlung into bei alleged plot zu produce ricin poison. Lock sealed ns mosque und returned the to the trustees.


Abu Hamza himself was notfall arrested an connection through that probe. Yet despite being denied a base, that preached exterior its entrances every Friday.


This bizarre stand-off between Abu Hamza and the authorities continued into 2004. Then, washington named Abu Hamza as a "terrorist facilitator v a global reach" and he was arrested pending extradition.


Five months later, he was charged with fünfzehn UK offences associated with his sermons und terror handbooks found weist his home. He was convicted top top 11 counts and was jailed zum seven years.


The American authorities continued zu pursue his extradition. Following in eight-year legitimate battle, he was finally extradited in 2012.


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Image source, Reuters
Image caption, A courtroom sketch des Abu Hamza appearing at a pre-trial hearing in New York an March 2014

He went on trial an New york accused von offences including plotting kommen sie set up a terror camp an rural Oregon, intending zu provide support zum terrorists in Afghanistan and in connection with die 1998 Yemen attack.

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He refuse all ns charges but was found guilty an 2014, with manhattan city US Attorney general Preet Bharara saying: "Abu Hamza was not nur a preacher of faith, however a trainer von terrorists".